Resources for Studying Wesleyan-Arminian Theology


This article is regularly updated and may be edited at any time. The recommendation of these resources does not mean that I endorse all of their contents.

Jacob Arminius

  1. Philip Brown, “What is Arminianism?”
  2. Keith D. Stanglin and Thomas H. McCall, Jacob Arminius: Theologian of Grace.
  3. Thomas H. McCall and Keith D. Stanglin, After Arminius: A Historical Introduction to Arminian Theology.
  4. Stephen Gunter, Arminius and His Declaration of Sentiments: An Annotated Translation with Introduction and Theological Commentary. See also the text of Declaration of Sentiments, free on
  5. The Works of Jacob Arminius, free on

Early Remonstrants

  1. Arminian Articles of 1610, free on
  2. Johnathan Arnold, “Five-Point Arminianism: The Five Arminian Articles of 1610,”
  3. Mark Ellis, The Arminian Confession of 1621 (Princeton Theological Monograph) (Pickwick Publications, 2005).

John Wesley

  1. The Wesley Center Online, with many of Wesley’s works provided by Northwest Nazarene University.
  2. John Wesley, The Standard Sermons.
  3. John Wesley, Notes on the Bible.
  4. Thomas C. Oden, John Wesley’s Teachings.
  5. The Works of John Wesley.
  6. Herbert McGonigle, Sufficient Saving Grace: John Wesley’s Evangelical Arminianism (Studies in Evangelical History and Thought) (Paternoster, 2001). See review by T. A. Noble.

19th Century Methodists

The most mature and systematic form of Wesleyan-Arminian theology is found in the 19th-century Methodists, especially:

  1. Richard Watson, Theological Institutes (4 Volumes).
  2. William Burt Pope, A Compendium of Christian Theology (3 Volumes).

Arminianism vs. Calvinism

  1. Johnathan Arnold, “Why I Am a Wesleyan! A Response to Michael Bird.”
  2. Roger Olson, Arminian Theology: Myths and Realities by
  3. Roger Olson, Against Calvinism: Rescuing God’s Reputation from Radical Reformed Theology.
  4. Roger Olson, “John Piper Does It Again: My Response to ‘The Self-centeredness of Arminianism,'” blog post.
  5. Roger Olson, “My Response (Finally!) to John Piper’s ‘AskPastorJohn’ Episode 238 (About Me),” blog post. Olson responds to Piper’s episode on “Where’s the Arminian John Piper?”
  6. Justin Taylor and Thomas McCall, “An Interview with Thomas McCall” (about Calvinism and Arminianism), The Gospel Coalition. McCall is a leading Wesleyan-Arminian theologian.
  7. John Starke and Fred Sanders, “You’re a Calvinist, Right?The Gospel Coalition. Starke interviews Fred Sanders, a Wesleyan theologian who is a leading evangelical thinker who specializes in the doctrine of the Trinity.

Total Depravity and Inability

  1. Johnathan Arnold, “Do Wesleyan Arminians Believe in Total Depravity?

Conditional Predestination

  1. Johnathan Arnold, “Yes, Wesleyan-Arminians Believe in Predestination!

Unlimited/Universal Atonement

  1. Fred Sanders, “Wesleyan View,” The Extent of the Atonement (Zondervan, 2019). See the excerpt on Sanders’s website.

Grace and Free Will

  1. Chris Bounds, “Four Views of Salvation, Part 2: Semi-Augustinianism and Augustinianism,” “John Wesley is the epitome of the Semi-Augustinian view.”
  2. David Fry, “God’s Gracious Provision: A Theological and Exegetical Defense of the Wesleyan Doctrine of Prevenient Grace,” “The Wesleyan doctrine of prevenient grace is theologically and exegetically warranted and defensible.”
  3. Johnathan Arnold, “Ways of Speaking About the Human Response to Grace,”
  4. Johnathan Arnold, “A Wesleyan Understanding of Faith and Repentance,”
  5. David Fry and Johnathan Arnold, “A Series on Wesleyan Prevenient Grace in William Burt Pope,”
  6. Philip Brown, “Do People Have Free Will?” “People don’t have naturally free will; we have grace-enabled wills.”
  7. Philip Brown, “Free Will and Prevenient Grace,”

Perseverance and Holiness

Johnathan Arnold
Johnathan Arnold
Johnathan Arnold is a husband, father, and aspiring pastor-theologian, as well as the founder and president of You can connect with him on Twitter @jsarnold7.