The Theological Message of Micah

The 8th century prophet Micah (c. 740-690 B.C.) was a contempo­rary of Isaiah, Amos, and Hosea. His proclamation of God’s word spanned two nations...

Election in the Old Testament

While the Psalmist extols the enviable happiness of the man God chooses to dwell in His courts (Psa. 65:4), theologians have stood at the...

1 John 3:6, 9—Are Believers Characterized by Sin?

I was interested to find James Erwin's article, “Perfection and Sinlessness: A Survey of Approaches to 1 John 3:6, 9” on Bible.org's website recently.1...

Inerrancy: Inspiration and the Test of Truth

Introduction Before writing this paper, I knew that the Wesleyan Theological Society had originally affirmed inerrancy and then changed that position. But I didn't know...

Imprecations in the the Psalms

The psalmist David prayed, “Do not I hate them, O Lord, that hate thee?” “Let death seize upon them, and let them go down...

Torrance and Gunton on Structure in the Trinity

In this paper, I will examine the position of Thomas Torrance on order/structure in the Trinity, and I will compare this position to that...

Biblical, Systematic, and Consensual Theology

As a person deeply committed to the Bible as the source and substance of all that I teach, how do I avoid the shoals...

The Theology of Nehemiah

The pages of Old Testament history close with Nehemiah’s words, “Remember me, O my God, for good” (Neh. 13:31). Written at the end of...

Daniel Steele on the Aorist Tense in Sanctification Texts

The aorist imperative is a broom that sweeps the heart clean at one stroke of omnipotent power.1 Daniel Steele (1824-1914) is regularly and justly regarded...

Assessing and Encouraging Spiritual Transformation

Spiritual transformation (metamorphosis) is change, governed by Christ, accomplished through disciplined cooperation with the Holy Spirit (Romans 12:3, II Corinthians 3:18). Spiritual transformation is multi-dimensional, whole-person change...